ANALISIS EFEKTIFITAS CEFAZOLINE, CEFTRIAXONE, CEFOTAXIME SEBAGAI ANTIBIOTIK PROFILAKSIS PADA PASIEN SECTIO CAESAREA

Ninik Mas Ulfa, Selly Septi Fandinata, Yuni Hendrawati

Sari


Prophylactic antibiotics is very necessary in labor with the aim of avoiding infection during SC surgery. This study was descriptive observational with retrospective data collection. The subjects observed in this study were medical records documents of SC patients in RJI hospitals in the area of South Surabaya for the period February - April 2017, with 39 documents were divided into 3 groups. Group A which received Cefazolin, Group B received Ceftriaxone, and Group C which received Ceftaxime. This study was comparison of the effectiveness of these 3 prophylactic antibiotics was measured by temperature parameters, leukocytes and observation of the condition of the surgical wound. Based on statistical analysis using the Kruskal Wallis test, it was found that the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis Cefazolin was more effective in reducing the temperature and leukocytes of SC patients compared to Ceftriaxon and Cefotaxim, with an average rating of Cefazolin in temperature parameters of 27.58 and an average ranking in leukocyte parameters ie 25.81. Meanwhile in observing surgical wounds from three groups of antibiotic prophylaxis there was no redness, no swollen wounds, no discharge and no pus from surgical wounds


Kata Kunci


Propylactic Antibiotic, Cefazoline, Ceftriaxone, Cefotaxime.

Teks Lengkap:

Fulltext PDF

Referensi


Prawirohardjo S. Ilmu Bedah Kebidanan. Jakarta : Yayasan Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawirohardjo., 2009:133

Prasetya DB. Efektivitas Penggunaan Antibiotik Pada Pasien Seksio Sesarea Elektif Di Rumah Sakit X Sidoarjo. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Universitas Surabaya. 2013; 2(2):1-10

Elsa, Welinda, Rolan. Pola Penggunaan Antibiotik pada Pasien Bedah SC di Rumah Sakit Islam Samarinda. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kefarmasian Ke-3 Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Mulawarman. 2016. ISBN 978 – 602-73052-4–3 ; 22 – 28. https: //www.researchgate.net/publication/309923223

Nuraliyah, Hapsari, Utaminingrum. Evaluasi Penggunaan Antibiotik Pasien SC di Rumah Sakit Bedah daerah Purbalingga. Jurnal Pharmacy. 2012 ; 9 (02): 31 – 39. ISSN 1693 – 3591

Rika Y, Herawati F, Jaelani A, Anggraini W. Evaluasi Penggunaan Antibiotik dan Profil Kuman Pada Seksio Sesarea di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Kabupaten Pasuruan. Jurnal Farmasi Klinik Indonesia. 2018; 7(2) : 69 – 77. ISSN 2252 – 6218

Katzung BG. Farmakologi Dasar dan Klinik, ed. 10. Jakarta: EGC., 2012 : 756-857.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 2406/MENKES/PER/XII/2011. Pedoman Penggunaan Antibiotik, 2011.


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


View My Stats